Religion in France Culture
France is really a secular state having a Catholic tradition and culture. Up to the mid-nineteen-sixties, the Catholic Church was an
essential institution and 91.7% of newborns were baptised. In early nineteen-sixties, church-going started to decline in France’s most devout regions and differences between regions faded.
Based on a survey conducted in March 2003, the primary religions in the French are Catholicism (62%), Islam (6%), Protestantism (2%) and Judaism (1%°), while 26% from the French are convinced that they have no religious affiliation. Exactly the same survey demonstrated that 41% of the French believe that the existence of God is not likely or impossible and 58% believe that it is certain or probable.
France continues amazing visitors by its rich cultural heritage. The culture of France reigns supreme in each and every field. When the numerous expressions from the architecture of France gratify the visual senses; then your mouth watering sophisticated cuisine of France takes connoisseurs with an unforgettable journey. Religion in France is really a part of the culture of the country. France is really a secular country, which means that the state doesn’t have official religion.
Though all religions are treated equally, Christianity is nevertheless the dominant one. With many of the people following Christianity, France has most power of churches and basilicas than other styles of religious buildings. Religion in France, in a nutshell, gives people adequate freedom to stick to there type of worshipping.
The Catholic and Protestant Churches
In 1994, 67% from the French population professed to become Catholic, 58% had their kids christened and 50% were built with a church wedding.
Over the last fifteen years, religious observance and beliefs have declined in regards to christenings (that have fallen from 95% to 58%), weddings (that have fallen from 85% to 50%), belief that God exists (61% today, 66% 15 years ago) and also the resurrection of Jesus (43% now don’t believe in it, in contrast to the previous figure of 37%).
Religion no more influences the west in the same way because it used to – for instance, 18% of French people don’t know the concept of a religious festival like Whitsun.
This is also true of young adults, most of whom appear to be more and more indifferent to and unaware of religion: today, 46% say they feel in God, in contrast to 81% thirty years ago; and 40% of young adults today say they’ve “no religion”).
But there is also an emergency within the Church. These day there are only 22,000 priests, whereas in 1960 there have been 45,000. The amount of ordinations per year, that was formerly about 1,000, has become around 100. The typical age of priests is high: 60% are gone 60 and just 4.5% under 40.
Similar trends could be observed amongst monks and nuns (an autumn from 18,000 to 13,000 within the number of monks and 100,000 to 52,000 within the number of nuns).
The amount of Protestants in France is estimated to become between 700,000 (1.8% from the total population) and 1,700,000 (3%). These figures show clearly that Protestantism is really a minority religion.
30% of Protestants reside in the east of France; 20% within the Paris area; 15% within the south from the Massif central; and also the others are spread within the rest of France. They fit in with fifteen Churches which together from the Protestant Federation of France.
Religious observance is low amongst Protestants: 10% visit church two times a month and 60% don’t go whatsoever. But although Catholicism and Protestantism might seem to be in an identical situation in this way, the situation is completely different as regards the clergy. As opposed to Catholic priests, Protestant pastors are getting younger and younger and the other major difference is the fact that 15% of them are women, including many mothers and/or working women.
Islam and Judaism
The Muslim community in France has become estimated to number between 4 and 5 million people, making Islam France’s second biggest religion.
This community is extremely diverse, being comprised of both French citizens and foreigners (North Africans in the Maghreb, Africans, Turks and Asians). Together, Muslims in France originate from 123 countries plus they divide right into a large number of differing religious and cultural groups.
Muslims residing in France can worship in five great mosques (in Paris and also the surrounding area, Lyon and Marseille) along with a thousand approximately other places of worship. These religious buildings are most numerous within the north of France, the Paris area, the east and also the Lyon and Marseille areas – i.e. areas where there continues to be the highest degree of immigration from North Africa and black Africa.
Today’s French Jewish community numbers around 800,000. It’s made up of two groups: the Ashkenazi, who originated from Central and Eastern Europe, and particularly Poland and Russia; and also the Sephardi who originated from North Africa, notably Algeria, after Algerian independence. Once the second group arrived, the Jewish population in France doubled there was a tangible revival of Judaism. The amount of synagogues rose spectacularly (you will find about a hundred in Paris today, high were 30 two decades ago). A few of these are independent, but many belong to the Consistoire (consistory). This can be a sort of official Synagogue combining most of the Jewish community in France.
Buddhism along with other beliefs
There are now about 600,000 Buddhists, causing them to be the fourth largest religious group in France. Their numbers have swelled considerably recently; and they are in possession of more and more temples, centres along with other places to practise. Buddhism has gained influence in a few milieux, particularly amongst intellectuals and artists, and contains acquired an extremely positive image using the general public. Young adults think that Buddhism is easily the most tolerant religion, along with the one which has got the most beneficial effect, gives people probably the most hope, is most effective to the modern world and finest answers their questions.
The typical age of French Buddhists is 30-45 and many have attended a greater education establishment.
We are seeing a noticeable rise in the number of books and flicks about Buddhism and figures such as the Dalai Lama. Buddhism seems to be a far more than a passing fad in France: in the united states as a whole nowadays there are several hundred Zen or Tibetan meditation centres, and also the largest meditation centre within the Western world will be found in the Touraine section of France. Additionally, the Auvergne may be the setting for that biggest Buddhist monastery in the western world.
Besides established religions, beliefs which specialists classify as mystical and esoteric are on the rise. These often go ahead and take form of new religious movements which, for many people, provide solutions to questions or satisfy needs that religions like Catholicism no more seem adequate.
These new beliefs don’t invariably replace former beliefs, but sometimes complement or co-exist alongside them. Once they genuinely replace an earlier religion, they frequently mix religious elements, traditional or else (such as Hinduism, Shamanism or Voodoo) with alternative belief systems like the paranormal or parascientific (Astrology, clairvoyance, reincarnation and so forth).
Of course, the borderline between these new religious movements and sects may also be very narrow. InFrance, as with many other countries, there are many hundred sects that tens of thousands of people belong. A few of these sects are extremely powerful and constitute a grave danger to non-public freedom and dignity, particularly for young adults.