Discover The Seven Most Famous French Monuments
France is the most visited place in the world. This is because it boasts some of the most amazing famous monuments including Eiffel Tower, Panthéon, Les Invalides etc.
Famous French monuments offer every visitor an insight to developments around medieval Europe and the Renaissance. This seat of international fashion is also the home of culture and architectural delight. From the city streets of Paris, to the pastoral countryside of the Loire Valley, to the beaches of the Riviera, the geographical diversity and centuries of history give you a great deal to explore. Monuments as diverse as the Eiffel Tower and the American cemetery at Normandy attract hordes of visitors every year.
List of Top 7 Monuments In French:
The Eiffel Tower or Tour Eiffel, is an iron structure. It is constructed on the Champ de Mars, in Paris and is a French icon. The tower gets its name from its engineer, Gustave Eiffel. It is not only the tallest building in the whole of Paris, but also a World Heritage Site. The Eiffel Tower stands 1,063 ft tall! The tower’s weight is estimated at 10,000 tons. The Eiffel Tower is synonymous with French culture and tourism. It is on record for being the most visited site in the world.
This neo-classical white monument with its formidable colonnaded dome stands at the top of the Sainte-Geneviève hill. Originally a church, the Panthéon has since become a necropolis for France’s greatest citizens and a popular national monument.
The grand complex of Les Invalides in the 7th arrondissement is easily recognisable with its magnificent golden dome. It was built by Louis XIV to house the homeless and wounded veterans of his army. Today the Hôtel des Invalides is famous for housing the tomb of French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. The Hôtel des Invalides also hosts three museums: the Army museum, the Musée de l’Ordre de la Libération, and the Musée des Plans-Reliefs.
Palais du Luxembourg
The Luxembourg Palace, surrounded by the garden, was created in 1617 and owes its name to the Duke of Piney-Luxembourg, landlord of a domain which was later acquired by Maria de Medici, widow of the King of France, Henri IV. The Italian born Queen wished to create a building to remind her of the Pitti Palace as well as establishing gardens evoking those of Boboli in Florence. The construction of the palace, opening onto a park comprising 8 hectares, was entrusted to Salomon de la Brosse. It now houses the French Senate.
Chateau de Versailles
A fountain in the garden at Versailles. Truly a monument to excess, Versailles, just outside Paris, was the seat of power for Louis XIV, who moved the government here from the city. It is made up of the main palace building, the Grand Trianon and Marie-Antoinette’s estate and gardens, which would take a day to walk.
The glass and metal Louvre pyramid and the courtyard of the Musée du Louvrein Paris has recently gained added media exposure on account of the extensive mention in the novel by Dan Brown, ‘Da Vinci Code’. The structure was completed in 1989 and is today, a landmark in Paris. The pyramid was commissioned by François Mitterrand, the French President, in 1984. Designed by I. M. Pei, the structure is a classic held together by glass segments. All of its 70 feet and base of 115 ft is constructed out of 673 triangular and rhombus-shaped glass segments. The rich contrast in classical and ultra-modern architectural styles attracts artists and students each year..
The opulent Paris Opera house was built from 1861 to 1875 by Charles Garnier during the reign of Napoleon III. It is part of the great reconstruction of Paris by Baron Haussmann during the Second Empire. The auditorium seats nearly 2,000 people and features the grand chandelier and a fine ceiling painting by Marc Chagall.